The article defines the role of the death doula, which is compared to midwifery and its benefits at the beginning of life. “Each death doula enacts the role differently,” they say, noting that little academic literature is available that formally describes the role and training. Emotional and spiritual support, along with “vigiling” and after-death rituals are common. The article asks how doula care can be formalized. And, notes the article, doulas are neither family members nor health care professionals. The article says that doulas should be trained and insured. (Medical Xpress, 11/14, https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-11-death-doulas-gaps-life.html)